500 Common Chinese Idioms: An Annotated Frequency Dictionary by Liwei Jiao

By Liwei Jiao

500 universal chinese language Idioms is the perfect instrument for all intermediate to complex newcomers of chinese language. in response to huge corpora of real language information, it offers the five hundred most ordinarily used chinese language idioms or chengyu, in addition to various synonyms, antonyms and the commonest buildings, allowing the reader to make knowledgeable guesses in regards to the meanings of thousands of unexpected idioms.

Key beneficial properties include:

  • the idiom in either simplified and standard characters
  • a literal English translation and English equivalents
  • two compatible instance sentences, plus motives and utilization notes
  • a Pinyin index and stroke order index.

This useful dictionary is acceptable either for sophistication use and autonomous research and should be of curiosity to scholars and lecturers of chinese language alike.

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Additional info for 500 Common Chinese Idioms: An Annotated Frequency Dictionary

Example text

19. ' Example 1: . Zhōngguó jiāng yìrújìwăng de jiāqiáng tóng Fēizhōu guójiā de yŏuhăo guānxi. ' Example 2: , . Jīntiān, nà wèi lăo jiàoshòu yìrújìwăng de tíqián shí fēn zhōng láidàole jiàoshì. ' 20. ' The original meaning of this idiom had to do with the difficulty of distinguishing between male and female rabbits (see note below). ' Example 1: , . Zhōngguó gŭdiăn chángpiān xiăoshuō de xiànsuŏ wăngwăng bĭjiào duō, yīncĭ gùshi qíngjié pūshuò-mílí. ' Example 2: , , . ' Usage: About half the time functions as predicate, often occurring at the end of a sentence.

17. ' Example 1: , , . Tā yíhuìr shuō zhèyàng zuò, yíhuìr shuō nàyàng zuò, dàjiā dōu găndào mòmíng-qímiào. 'One moment he said to do it this wāy. The next moment he said to do it that wāy. ' Example 2: . Wŏ de shŏujī mòmíng-qímiào de bú jiàn le. ' Usage: Functions mainly as predicate, complement, or adverbial modifier; can also serve as attribute. Common combinations include -(ràng rén --), -(găndào〜),and〜/(-de huà/bìng/). Note: There is an alternative form (mò míng qí miào). ' 18. ' Example 1: , , , , .

As for corpus 6, though it was not possible for us to search all of the idioms in that corpus, we did consult that corpus in deciding the order for the entries included in our dictionary. The procedure for determining the entries was as follows: First, an exhaustive search was conducted of all the idioms in corpuses 1 and 2 above, with the goal of compiling for each of these corpuses a list of the 800 highest-frequency idioms. It turned out that the two lists of 800 idioms had 305 idioms in common; therefore, it was decided that these 305 idioms should form the basis for this dictionary.

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