A century of ambivalence : the Jews of Russia and the Soviet by Zvi Gitelman

By Zvi Gitelman

Now again in print in a brand new edition!
A Century of Ambivalence
The Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the Present
Second, improved Edition
Zvi Gitelman

A richly illustrated survey of the Jewish old event within the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the post-Soviet era.

"Anyone with even a passing curiosity within the heritage of Russian Jewry should want to personal this splendid... book." ―Janet Hadda, la Times

"... a badly wanted old viewpoint on Soviet Jewry.... [Gitelman] is evenhanded in his therapy of varied classes and issues, in addition to in his total evaluate of the Soviet Jewish experience.... A Century of Ambivalence is illuminated by way of a rare selection of photos that vividly replicate the hopes, triumphs and agonies of Russian Jewish life." ―David E. Fishman, Hadassah journal

"Wonderful photographs of well-known personalities, unknown villagers, small hamlets, markets and communal buildings mix with the textual content to create an uplifting [book] for a huge and common audience." ―Alexander Orbach, Slavic Review

"Gitelman’s textual content offers a tremendous remark and cautious ancient explanation.... His portrayal of the promise and disillusionment, desire and melancholy, highbrow restlessness succeeded via speedy repression enlarges the reader’s knowing of the dynamic forces in the back of probably the most vital pursuits in modern Jewish life." ―Jane S. Gerber, Bergen Jewish News

"... a lucid and fairly aim renowned heritage that expertly threads its manner throughout the dizzying reversals of the Russian Jewish experience." ―Village Voice

A century in the past the Russian Empire contained the most important Jewish neighborhood on the planet, numbering approximately 5 million humans. this day, the Jewish inhabitants of the previous Soviet Union has faded to part one million, yet continues to be most likely the world’s 3rd greatest Jewish group. within the intervening century the Jews of that quarter were on the middle of a few of the main dramatic occasions of contemporary history―two global wars, revolutions, pogroms, political liberation, repression, and the cave in of the USSR. they've got undergone tumultuous upward and downward financial and social mobility and skilled nice enthusiasms and profound disappointments. In startling photos from the files of the YIVO Institute for Jewish examine and with a full of life and lucid narrative, A Century of Ambivalence lines the ancient event of Jews in Russia from a interval of creativity and repression within the moment 1/2 the nineteenth century throughout the paradoxes posed through the post-Soviet period. This redesigned variation, such as greater than two hundred pictures and gigantic new chapters at the destiny of Jews and Judaism within the former Soviet Union, is perfect for normal readers and school room use.

Zvi Gitelman is Professor of Political technological know-how and Director of the Jean and Samuel Frankel middle for Judaic reports on the college of Michigan. he's writer of Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics: The Jewish Sections of the CPSU, 1917–1930 and editor of sour Legacy: Confronting the Holocaust within the USSR (Indiana college Press).

Published in organization with YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Contents
Introduction
Creativity as opposed to Repression: The Jews in Russia, 1881–1917
Revolution and the Ambiguities of Liberation
Reaching for Utopia: construction Socialism and a brand new Jewish Culture
The Holocaust
The Black Years and the grey, 1948–1967
Soviet Jews, 1967–1987: To Reform, Conform, or Leave?
The "Other" Jews of the previous USSR: Georgian, crucial Asian, and Mountain Jews
The Post-Soviet period: Winding Down or initiating Again?
The Paradoxes of Post-Soviet Jewry

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Nothing will more surely enslave a young labor movement to an intellectual elite hungry for power than this bureaucratic strait jacket, which will immobilize the movement and turn it into an automaton manipulated by a Central Committee. On the other hand, there is no more effective guarantee against opportunist intrigue and personal ambition than the independent revolutionary action of the proletariat, as a result of which the workers acquire the sense of political responsiblity and self-reliance…In Lenin’s overanxious desire to establish the guardianship of an omniscient and omnipotent Central Committee in order to protect so promising and vigorous a labor movement against any misstep, we recognize the symptoms of the same subjectivism that has already played more than one trick on socialist thinking in Russia… 1 RUSSIA AND THE RISE OF BOLSHEVISM 11 Let us speak plainly.

143)—and marked the point when revolutionism as a form of social action began to be repudiated: the Russian intelligentsia had at last matured. The contributors took a searching look at the Russian intelligentsia and did not like what they saw: a narrow sectarianism combined with the uncritical adoption ofthe West European Enlightenment tradition in its emaciated nineteenth-century positivistic and atheistic form, advancing various forms of materialism and ‘scientific communism’ that rejected traditional spiritual values.

The export of capital and the division of the world by the ‘advanced’ and ‘civilised’ colonial powers—a United States of Europe, under capitalism, is either impossible or reactionary… Capital has become international and monopolist…A United States of Europe under capitalism is tantamount to an agreement on the partition of colonies… A United States of the World (not of Europe alone) is the state form of the unification and freedom of nations which we associate with socialism—until the time when the complete victory of communism brings about the total disappearance of the state, including the democratic state.

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