By Lois N. Magner
Stressing significant issues within the background of drugs, this moment version explores the occasions, methodologies, and theories that formed clinical practices in many years previous and in smooth scientific perform. It highlights practices of civilizations world wide and study of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our present figuring out of overall healthiness and ailment. New sections conceal preventive and substitute drugs, scientific schooling for girls, miasma and contagion theories, the specter of epidemic illness, altering styles of morbidity and mortality, public wellbeing and fitness and sanitary reforms, the excessive rate of treatment, illnesses of affluence and getting older, and the emergence of recent illnesses.
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Additional info for A History of Medicine, Second Edition
If the physician caused the death of a slave, he had to provide a replacement. If he destroyed the eye of a slave, he had to pay the owner one-half his value in silver. Just what operation was involved in ‘‘opening the eye-socket’’ or ‘‘curing’’ the eye is a matter of some dispute. The operation could have been the couching of a cataract (destruction of a lens that had become opaque) or merely lancing an abscess of the tear duct. While such an abscess causes intense pain, it does not affect vision, whereas cataracts lead to blindness.
A prodigy and master of all ﬁelds of learning, Imhotep designed and built the famous Step Pyramid of Sakkara, served the Pharaoh Zoser (or Djoser, r. ) as vizier, minister of state, architect, chief priest, sage, scribe, magician–physician, and astronomer. Imhotep, no less than Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine, is a powerful symbol and true ancestral god of the healing profession. Imhotep’s career as a healer can be divided into three phases: ﬁrst, as a physician in the court of Zoser; second, as a medical demigod (ca.
Although mummiﬁed bodies have been found in many parts of the world, for most people the term ‘‘mummy’’ conjures up the Egyptian mummy, as seen in museums and late-night horror shows. The term comes from a Persian word for bitumen (natural asphalt), reﬂecting the mistaken notion that ancient Egyptian bodies had been preserved and blackened by soaking in pitch. For the ancient Egyptians, life after death was of paramount importance, but success in the afterlife depended on preservation of the body so that the soul would have a suitable place to dwell.