By Hongyuan Dong
A heritage of the chinese language Language presents a complete advent to the historic improvement of the chinese from its proto Sino-Tibetan roots in prehistoric instances to trendy commonplace chinese language. Taking a hugely obtainable and balanced strategy, it offers a chronological survey of a number of the levels of chinese improvement, protecting the most important elements resembling phonology, syntax and semantics. Written by way of a hugely skilled teacher, A background of the chinese will be a necessary source for starting scholars of chinese and Linguistics and for an individual attracted to the background and tradition of China.
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Extra info for A History of the Chinese Language
AŌer extensive debates, he chose Confucianism from among the many diīerent schools of thought that were available. If anyone wanted to be an oĸcial in the government, he would have to know and pracƟce the Confucian philosophy. The following two thousand years would see the dominance of Confucianism in Chinese poliƟcs and culture in general. Further, in the Sui Dynasty, with the establishment of the Imperial ExaminaƟon system, all scholars would have to know the Confucian classics very well, by heart, in order to pass the examinaƟon and Įnally secure a place in the imperial government.
E. the Old Chinese period, there were various non-SiniƟc peoples in the lower Yangtze River region and southern China. e. Hundred Yue. e. what was to become the Chinese culture. As for the language that the Baiyue peoples spoke, they could be related to the AustroasiaƟc, Kam-Tai and Hmong-mien languages that were menƟoned earlier. If the ancestors of these languages were indeed those that were spoken by the Baiyue, we may Įnd very early loanwords in both languages as a result of cultural contacts.
We can Įnd many such examples in xiéshĤngzì. 10 shows a few more such cases. 10, the character 䤨 is the common phoneƟc component. The iniƟals of these characters include “b” and “l”. 10ഩConsonant clusters and xiéshĤngzì bڤng lڤn lڤn lڤn gè kè luò luò 䤨 ↄ ⺑ 㨩 ⎬ ⭊ 㳃 䴉 “k” and “l”. Their places of arƟculaƟon are all diīerent, not conforming to how we understand the relaƟonships between iniƟals in xiéshĤngzì series. In some modern Chinese dialects we can also Įnd monosyllabic words that have an alternaƟve form with two diīerent syllables.