A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of by Karel Werner

By Karel Werner

A multi-purpose reference paintings which should still develop into an necessary better half for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. features a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a thesaurus of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the ancient improvement of Hinduism.

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It is supposed to have ten branches whose names are: (1) Sārasvatī (‘pool’), (2) Purī (‘citadel’), (3) Vana (‘tree’), (4) Tīrtha (‘ford’), (5) Giri (‘hill’) (6) Parvata (‘mountain’), (7) Bhāratī (‘country’), (8) (‘forest’), (9) Āśrama (‘hermitage’), and (10) Sagara (‘sea’). There is little research on the distribution and actual organization of these branches. Daśāvatāra the icon of the ten main incarnations of , representing Matsya (fish), Kūrma (turtle), Varāha (boar), (man-lion), Vāmana (dwarf), Paraśurāma (Rāma the hero with the axe), Rāma (Rāma the prince), ( the pastoral god, later the revealer of the BhG), Buddha (Buddha the world teacher and destroyer of demons, often replaced by Balarāma, the elder brother of ) and Kalki (the future saviour).

30 A POPULAR DICTIONARY OF HINDUISM Bharata a classical dance form which originated in South Indian temples where it was performed by devadāsis. Many of its poses are represented by sculptures on the temple in Chidambaram and some on the Sun temple in Konārak which helped in the modern reconstruction of the nearly forgotten dance form. the ancient name of (North) India. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan a cultural and educational organization founded by Dr. Munshi in 1938, with headquarters in Bombay and branches in some two dozen Indian cities and one in London.

Dhyāna meditation, contemplation; mental absorption; the seventh limb of yoga of Patañjali. (‘clad in space’) a naked mendicant; a Jain monk of the naked sect. Digambara a title of Śiva, who frequently went about naked when practising asceticism. Dikpāla see Lokapāla. initiation. In the early times of Brāhmanism the term referred to a special set of rituals which included a symbolic sacrifice of the sacrificer’s mortal body and aimed at creating for him an immortal body in a kind of second birth.

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