a Sanskrit Grammar for Beginners by F. Max Muller

By F. Max Muller

Bankruptcy I. THE ALPHABET. § I. SANSKRIT is correctly written with the Devanragari alphabet; however the Bengali, Grantha, Telugu, and different smooth Indian alphabets are in most cases hired for writing Sanskrit of their respective provinces. Note-Devanagar( ability the Nagar( of the gods, or, in all probability, of the Br~hmBJl9. A extra eurrent form of writing, utilized by Hindus in 1111 universal transaclions the place Hindi is the language hired, is termed easily Nagart. Why the alphabet must have been known as lI'dgart, is unknown. If derived from nagara, eity, it could possibly suggest the o.rt of writing as first practised in towns. (PaJ]. IV. 2, 128.) No authority has but been adduced from any historic writer for the employment of the notice Devan/igart. within the Lalita-vis/ora (a lifetime of Buddha, translated from Sanskrit into chinese language seventy six A. D.), the place an inventory of alphabets is given, the DevanQgart isn't really pointed out, until it's meant by way of the Deva alphabet. (See historical past of historical Sanskrit Literature, p. 518.) A

Table of Contents

TAB LEO F CON TEN T S; web page; bankruptcy I-THE ALPHABET; The DcvlLllagari letters 2; § r The Devanagari alphabet three; 2 course of Sanskrit alphabet four; three how one can write the letters four; four Sounds represented by means of the Devallagari; alphabet four; five variety of letters five; 6 The letter!i five; ~ Jihv/lmOHya aud U padhmaniya five; eight indicators of nasals and their replacement; five; nine the 3 nasal semivowels 6; 10: Consonants with no corresponding; nasals 6; I I Auusvara ahead of $, sit down, eight, h 6 * I 2 Names ofletters 7; thirteen Vowel indicators, preliminary, medial, aud; ultimate 7; 14 Consonants by means of vowels 7; IS: Virama 7; sixteen mixture of consonants 7; 17; The signal fOI' r eight; 18 The Virama used as a stop-gap eight; 19: The symptoms for a pause eight; 20 The Avagraha record of compound; consonants eight; 2 I Numerical figures nine; 2"' ideas of pronunciation 10; bankruptcy n-RULES OF SA~DHI; § 2 three' item and use of Sandhi eleven; 24 contrast among exterior; and inner Sandhi eleven; 25, Cla

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21. Medical science does not treat of invisible diseases. Now tell me, dear, why you are so sad. 38 Tripura Rahasya 22. When Hemalekha had finished, the prince replied: I will tell you the cause of my misery. Listen to me, dear. 23. What you said on the last occasion has barred all means of pleasure for me, so that I can now find nothing to make me happy. 24. Just as a man under orders to be executed cannot relish the luxuries provided for him by the State, so also I do not relish anything. 25.

He seems to laugh at the ways of the world, to stride unconcerned up the road of fearlessness, like a majestic elephant refreshing itself in a lake of melted snow when the surrounding forest is on fire. 27. I found him absolutely free from any sense of obligation and at the same time perfectly happy in his realisation of Eternal Being. How did he gain that state? And what did he tell me? 28. Kindly explain these points, and so rescue me from the jaws of the monster of karma. 29. Praying so, he fell prostrate and took the Master’s feet in his hands.

Note: Brahma originally had five heads. He and Vishnu were once contesting each other’s superiority. Just then a huge column of light appeared in front of them and they wondered what it was. They agreed that he who found either end of the column earlier would be the greater of the two. Vishnu became a boar and sought the bottom; Brahma became a swan and flew up towards the top. Vishnu returned disappointed. Brahma at the point of despair came across a falling screwpine flower. He stopped its descent and asked from where it was coming.

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