Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The by K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

Known because the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial plants of the tropics, are crucial and most generally wanted spice plants of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a medicine.

This e-book offers a entire assessment of those vitally important spice vegetation, overlaying beginning, heritage, geographical distribution, construction, economic climate and their uses.

  • Discusses the 2 significant spices of significant monetary price to the constructing world
  • The writer is an eminent scientist who has gained a variety of awards for his paintings during this area
  • Show description

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Additional resources for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The "King” and "Queen” of Spices

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1993); Nybe and Nair (1987a) Zinc Stunted growth, small leaves, interveinal chlorosis. Leaf margins pucker. Chin et al. (1993); Nybe and Nair (1987c) Manganese Interveinal chlorosis, with major veins remaining green. Chlorotic leaves turn yellow or white later, and necrotic mature leaves. Symptoms can often be confused with that of magnesium deficiency. Chin et al. (1993); Nybe and Nair (1987b) Iron Interveinal chlorosis in younger leaves, youngest leaves becoming totally chlorotic Chin et al.

It is important to note that companion crops to pepper must best be raised in the prebearing stage of pepper, which at best can extend from 3 to 5 years (at the most). This is because, when fully grown, pepper canopy could completely shade the accompanying crop and the latter would hardly yield. An experiment at the Indian Institute of Spices Research (Sadanandan, 1994) reported that an accompanying crop of banana (cv. Mysore poovan) fetched an additional income of approximately US $460 ha1. Pillai et al.

Phosphate rocks (PRs) are ideally suited for plantation crops and where indigenously available could be profitably utilized. In northern India, a popular PR is Mussoorie rock phosphate (MRP). Sadanandan (1994) reported that MRP is superior to ordinary superphosphate. Both cumulative yield increase and relative agronomic effectiveness were superior in MRP as compared to ordinary superphosphate. Pepper is a prolific user of potassium, and even with 2% content of potassium in the pepper plant, potassium deficiency will manifest (De Waard, 1969).

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